Learn how you might contract the condition and how to prevent it
Septic arthritis occurs when the joints become infected with the bacteria that travels through the bloodstream from one part to the other in the human body. A common way of developing this condition is through an open wound that contracts germs that are carried through the body to the joint or to the fluid (known as synovial fluid) surrounding the joint. The resulting infection can be agonizing and can deteriorate the cartilage and bone within the joint if appropriate treatment is not taken. The condition usually affects children or elders but youngsters and middle-aged folks are not completely protected from it. The condition usually targets the larger joints in the body like the knees, shoulders or hips. The septic pus that forms on the joint is drained out through a needle or through surgery and intravenous antibiotics are prescribed to refrain the infection from spreading.
1. Open wounds
Open wounds that are not treated properly can sometimes contract viruses that can travel through the bloodstream and cause an infection or inflammation of the joints leading to septic arthritis. The hips and knees are commonly targeted by the virus but in some cases, multiple joints can also be affected. Children are especially susceptible to septic arthritis through open wounds because they play around and get hurt easily. Any open wound should not be left unattended and should be cleaned and medicated properly. If the skin splits open, stitches may be required and should be attended to as soon as possible.
Elderly folks are more prone to susceptible to developing septic arthritis than any other age group because of several factors. To begin with, their immune system becomes fragile over time and any minor virus can also trigger off the septic arthritis to develop in the body. In addition to this, they are more prone to falling and getting hurt because their joints lose their lubrication over time and their balance is also impaired. Treating septic arthritis for elderly people can be more challenging because their body’s response to medication can be slow and they can also have other comorbid diseases. A good way to prevent these conditions are by staying active and exercising regularly so that the immune system is well nourished. In addition to this, eating a well-balanced diet is also essential.
3. Unprotected sex
Unprotected sex can increase the chances of contracting an STD like HIV, herpes and hepatitis B. These STD viruses can increase the chances of contracting septic arthritis as well. HIV directly hampers the immune system and makes the body at risk not only to septic arthritis but to a host of other conditions as well. HIV can be avoided by using contraceptives during sex. However, hepatitis B and herpes can be transferred by mere contact and through oral sex also so avoid engaging in sexual activities with anyone who is infected or who has a cold sore. Contraceptives can also not provide adequate protection against these conditions. Never share razors or any sharp objects with these patients because that can directly transfer the virus into your system and get yours infected too. Other viruses that are not sexually transmitted like parvovirus B19, HTLV-1, adenovirus, mumps and coxsackie viruses can also increase the risk of septic arthritis.
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