All this time, you have believed that schizophrenia is a single, inherited disorder. But a recent study reveals that it is not so.
In what may be the most important study in the history of schizophrenia, researchers have identified that this condition comes from eight different genetic disorders rather than one, as was previously believed. These eight separate genetic disorders can combine into ‘clusters’, and collectively they carry a 70 to 100 percent risk of a person getting affected by the devastating brain disorder.
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that is severe, chronic and disabling. It is one of the leading causes of disability in the United States.
People with the schizophrenia may hear voices that do not exist. They may tend to believe that other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or planning to harm them. This can terrify the patients and thus make them either withdrawn or highly agitated. This brain disease also leads to confusion, delusions, and strange behavior.
Often, schizophrenic people do not make any sense to others when they talk. At times, they may simply sit for hours on end, without even talking or moving. Sometimes people with schizophrenia seem perfectly okay until they start talking about their thoughts.
Symptoms of schizophrenia usually appear during late adolescence or early adulthood; however, it can emerge at any point in time in an individual’s life. Around 75% of people who are affected by schizophrenia are between the ages of 16 and 25 years. Moreover, people who have a history of the disease in their families are at a much higher risk of developing the mental disorder. This condition affects around 1 % of adults all over the world.
The families and other members of the society around patients of schizophrenia also get affected to a considerable extent. People with this condition may find it difficult to hold a job or even look after themselves, so they need to rely on outside support. The support of friends, family and co-workers and their understanding of the condition become vital for people who are battling schizophrenia.
Proper medical treatment helps many patients to reduce the symptoms of schizophrenia, but most people who have this mental illness have to cope with the symptoms all throughout their lives. However, many people with schizophrenia lead healthy and meaningful lives.
In the past, research has indicated that around 25% of schizophrenia patients recover completely, 50% have symptoms than get better over a 10-year period, and 25% have symptoms that do not improve over time.
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