Stomach cancer is one of the most common types of cancers. Read on to know more about the different treatment options available to you.
Located in the upper abdomen, the stomach is a part of the digestive system. It plays an important role in processing the food we eat. It helps to sort out the nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, and fats from the waste materials. The stomach wall has three different layers of tissue. The innermost layer is the mucosal layer, then the muscularis layer and lastly, the serosal layer. Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a condition where there is a presence of malignant cells in the stomach lining.
The most common type of stomach cancer that constitutes around 95 percent of the cases is adenocarcinoma. Adenocarcinoma is when the cancerous cells are present in the lining of the stomach. Some of the lesser known types of stomach cancer are stomach lymphomas, gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), and neuroendocrine tumors.
The American Cancer Society has estimated that there will be around 24,590 diagnosed cases of stomach cancer in the US in 2015. The prevalence of stomach cancer varies across the world. It is one of the most common types of cancers even though it is on the decline in the Western countries. For people with this type of cancer, the five year survival rate is around 28 percent on an average. If diagnosed early, the five year survival rate is higher. This type of cancer is more common in men than women.
There are a number of tests that doctors use to diagnose stomach cancer. Some of these tests include biopsy, endoscopy, MRI scans, PET scans, and laparoscopy. If the diagnosis is indeed cancer, the doctor will speak to you about the cancer stage. There are eight stages of stomach cancer, which are:
Discover top tips for a healthy body and mind with our weekly wellbeing newsletter.
Join our mailing list today.